Structural steelwork is usually wont to form the ‘design’ frame of a building or other constructed asset, typically consisting of vertical pillars and horizontal beams which are bolted, riveted, or welded together during a rectilinear grid.
Steel beams are horizontal architectural features that resist loads connected laterally to their axis. For more information, see sorts of the beam.
Steel columns are vertical architectural parts that transfer compressive loads. For more information, see sorts of a column.
This network of beams and columns can then be wont to help the building’s floors, cladding, roof, walls, and so on.
- High strength.
- Relatively low weight.
- Ease of installation.
- Ability to span large distances.
- Off-site fabrication, allowing top quality.
- Mass production of repeating units.
- Availability of a good range of ready-made structural sections.
- Ability to resist dynamic forces like wind and earthquakes.
- Adaptability to any quiet shape.
- Ability to be clad with a good sort of materials.
- Suitability to a good range of joining methods.
- Types of steel frame construction include:
- Conventional steel fabrication: steel components are fabricated off-site, move the right lengths, and welded together.
- Bolted steel: steel components are fabricated off-site and bolted in situ on-site.
- Light gauge steel: almost like timber frame construction, with light gauge steel members rather than timber studs.
A concrete frame may be a common sort of structure, comprising a network of columns and connecting beams that form the structural ‘skeleton’ of a building. This grid of beams and columns is usually constructed on a concrete foundation and is employed to support the building’s floors, roof, walls, cladding, and so on.
Beams are the flat load-bearing parts of the frame. They’re classified as either:
Main beams: giving floor and subsequent beam loads to the columns; or
Secondary beams: transmitting floor loads to the most beams.
Columns are the vertical parts of the frame and are the building’s primary load-bearing component. They supply the beam loads right down to the foundations.
The elements which will be used as walls for concrete frame buildings are many, including heavyweight masonry benefits (e.g. block work, brick, stone), and light-weight options (e.g. drywall, timber). Similarly, any quiet cladding material is often won’t clad concrete frame structures.
Since concrete has little lastingness, it generally must be reinforced. CSM, also related to as support steel (or reinforcing steel), maybe a steel bar or mesh of steel wires wont to strengthen and hold the concrete in pressure. To enhance the standard of the bond with the concrete, the surface of the rebar is usually patterned.